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Extreme Cold Safety

Winter months don’t have to mean frostbite and car crashes; learn to fight the arctic air with preventative measure. When the temperature and the wind-chill dips into the single digits follow these tips to stay safe and warm.


  • Layers are key.  Wear layers of lightweight clothing to stay warm, it will trap air between the layers.  A wind and waterproof outer shell will keep you dry.
  • Put a hat on.  Covering your head and ears helps to reduce the loss of body heat.
  • Cover your face with a scarf or balaclava. Keeping your mouth and nose covered protects delicate facial skin and warms the air before it hits your lungs.
  • Gloves or mittens to protect your hands. Wind-proof and insulated are the best choice.
  • Insulated and waterproof shoes with a thick tread provide warmth and stability in the snow and ice.


  • Avoid going outside, unless necessary. Keep pets indoors as well.
  • Drive and walk slowly. Undetectable patches of black ice on roadways and sidewalks can cause an accident and/or bodily injury.
  • Keep your driveway shoveled to prevent snow and ice build-up.


  • Keep a winter emergency kit handy in your house that includes food, water, a flashlight with extra batteries, a radio, and a generator if possible.
  • Keep a portable disaster supply kit in your car in case you are stranded—first aid kit, water, nonperishable food items, flashlight and batteries, blankets, extra jacket and a change of shoes.


  • Know the symptoms for frostbite and hypothermia. Confusion, dizziness, exhaustion and severe shivering are signs of hypothermia. Numbness, flushed gray, white, blue or yellow skin discoloration and waxy feeling skin are signs of frostbite. If you experience any of these signs seek medical attention immediately.
  • Home risk of fire is increased in cold weather. Closely monitor your fire places, don’t use your stove or oven to heat your home, follow space heater precautions, and use generators correctly.
  • Avoid frozen pipes by keeping your thermostat at the same temperature, run water at a trickle to keep it flowing through the pipes and open cabinet doors to allow warm air to circulate around the pipes
  • Sign up for emergency weather alerts on your phone.

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